Inclusive planning and housing


July 2014 — Millions of poor people in cities of the Global South live in informal settlements with low-quality living conditions, due in large part to the lack of affordable and adequate housing. Policies are needed to regulate, support, and provide incentives for the development of affordable housing in both the private and the public sectors. In addition, such housing must be inclusive by design, so that the urban poor are integrated into local communities rather than being marginalized by income and class.

Follow this topic here during the month of July to see and discuss reports from the 23 cities in the URB.im network about efforts by governments, NGOs, and communities to make inclusive housing a reality — and please share your thoughts in the comments below.

Ciudad Verde: riesgos de los macro proyectos en Bogotá

Bogotá, 24 julio 2014 — Los macro proyectos se concibieron como una forma de aliviar los problemas de vivienda entre las familias con menos recursos. Las economías de escala y el marco regulatorio que facilitaba su construcción eran señalados como sus ventajas. La falta se servicios públicos y de infraestructura están plagando su implementación. Leer más.

Novo Plano Diretor de São Paulo: a necessidade de aumentar a qualidade de vida de todos os cidadãos

São Paulo, 23 julho 2014 — São Paulo está no processo de aprovação do seu novo Plano Diretor Estratégico, que irá determinar as novas diretrizes urbanísticas da cidade até 2030. O plano tem como principal proposta equalizar o acesso a oportunidades na cidade e o desafio de reduzir o déficit habitacional de 700 mil moradias. Leia mais.

Housing the (radical) everyday

Cape Town, 22 July 2014 — Unlike the fall of regimes in many other parts of the world, with the fall of apartheid South Africans chose a very specific and unusual path to reconciliation, "that South Africa belongs to all who live in it, united." But to what extent has post-apartheid housing facilitated this inclusive vision? See more.

Vivienda como estrategia urbana

Caracas, 21 julio 2014 — Gran Misión Vivienda Venezuela ha construido cerca de 25,000 viviendas en Caracas en los últimos tres años sin contemplar la necesidad de infraestructura, seguridad y espacios públicos en la ciudad. Se propone que la vivienda no debe ser entendida por si sola sino como una oportunidad de diseño urbano. Leer más.

The illusion of urban renewal and the magicians' ghetto

Delhi, 20 July 2014 — Is 'unlocking the value of land' — ​the ​rationale behind urban renewal schemes — an illusion in itself? The elite urbanists who want to render the spatial morphology of Delhi with the appearance of progress are struggling in the face of opposition from residents of urban renewal sites such as Kathputli Colony. See more.

Mortgaging future social houses: a new hope for the urban poor

Ho Chi Minh City, 18 July 2014 — Starting on 16 June 2014, low-income earners in Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam are allowed to mortgage their future social houses, according to Joint Circular 01/2014, a government initiative to overcome the "low purchase criteria, high loan conditions" dilemma that is preventing the urban poor from benefiting from social housing projects. See more.

Partisipasi dan pembangunan kembali rusunawa

Surabaya, 17 Juli 2014 — Pembenagunan rusunawa telah dilakukan oleh Pemkot Surabaya untuk menjawab kekurangan rumah murah bagi masyarakat berpenghasilan rendah, namun tampaknya kita melupakan bahwa banyak permasalahan muncul ketika mereka mulai menempati rusunawa. Pembangunan kembali dengan konsep re-development dan pemberdayaan masyarakat di daerah kumuh bisa menjadi jawabannya. Baca lebih lanjut.

Community slum mapping — a housing solution?

Dar es Salaam, 16 July 2014 — When discussion turns to an 'inclusive' housing policy and planning in developing cities, the focus often turns to criticising slums and the current housing the poor call home. Within this article the focus shifts — what happens when we recognise slums as homes and a basis for inclusive urban planning? See more.

The city of Lagos' tenancy and home ownership schemes

Lagos, 15 July 2014 — Housing is a challenge in Lagos, especially for the urban poor, due to city density and high costs. This situation has led to the prominence of slum areas with megacity upgrades, resulting in slum demolition and homelessness. In response to this, the city has devised a scheme to provide Lagosians with homes. See more.

Población pobre y vulnerable participa en los planes de vivienda del DF

Mexico D.F., 14 julio 2014 — El gobierno del DF se coordina con OSC's para incluir a la población pobre y vulnerable en los planes de vivienda; a través de microcréditos, planeación conjunta y la capacitación para la elaboración de la materia prima y construcción de las viviendas. El éxito es la inclusión de los actores por medio de acciones participativas. Leer más.

Edificando conjuntos de ingresos mixtos y respetuosos con el medio ambiente

Cali, 11 julio 2014 — Ciudad Santa Barbara, un proyecto de 16.000 unidades en construcción en Palmira, cerca de Cali, reserva hasta un 33 por ciento de sus unidades para familias de bajos ingresos pero que pueden acceder a la vivienda gracias a ayudas públicas. Así se busca evita la segregación que generan los macro proyectos destinados 100 por ciento a estas familias. Leer más.

Planning for a more inclusive city

Mumbai, 10 July 2014 — What would an alternative future for Mumbai look like? For the first time in India's economic capital — and perhaps in the country — the people themselves have drafted a vision for their city. Standing in opposition to the current trajectory, the People's Vision turns top-down planning on its head. See more.

Community mobilising in the face of a housing crisis

Lilongwe, 9 July 2014—With a growth rate of 4.3 percent per annum, Lilongwe needs an average of 10,000 new dwellings per year to cope with demand, none of which are forthcoming. To improve the situation, local NGO CCODE works with the poor, helping them to develop their own solutions to address the housing crisis. See more.

The awkward terrains of post-apartheid housing

Johannesburg, 8 July 2014—After two decades of democracy, the post-apartheid housing landscape in South Africa still reveals physical and social environments created within the compromised space of the inheritances of apartheid capitalism. This demands either a timely revisit of the pragmatic compromises on neoliberal terms initially made for South African democratization to work, or a higher order of involvement of institutions whose priority is the public good or, in the very least, they prompt reflection—not rhetoric—on the kind of post-apartheid society and spaces that are actually being shaped. See more.

 

Join the discussion in the comments below!

Comments

Nora Lindstrom's picture

Carlin, interesting read about the People's Vision for Mumbai. Sounds like a great initiative, though I'm sure facing several challenges. Unni mentions that the consultations etc. on the DP are (unsurprisingly) not mandated in the MR&TP act; I wonder if you are aware of any efforts to formalise consultation/participation into the process? While having the right to participate and/or be consulted of course by no means ensures consultation/participation happens or that it is meaningful, it can nevertheless be used as a reference point to demand that right.

Carlin Carr's picture

Nora, very good point, and it's something I'm sure this group would advocate for, if they aren't already. Since the DP happens only ever 20 years, it's seems to me just as important to think about how this group's efforts can be harnessed in the intervening years. It's rare to have so many different sectors come together in the city, even though the issues are so often very inter-related. It's even rarer to have the officials take notice of these groups. It will take some effort to keep this momentum going.

The housing deficit prevalent in the city of Lagos cannot be address by HOMS initiated by the Lagos state government because the influx of Nigerians seeking greener pasture in the economic capital state of Nigeria increases geometrically than the number of housing provided by the governor. Historically, the failure of the Jakande estate to address the housing deficit when the population growth in Lagos is not high compare to the 2000s indicates that HOMS cannot address the problem. For the housing problem to be address, the federal government must embark on even development of the country so that residents in each state will be engaged in productive work. Also, the Lagos state government can partner near-by state to build satellite towns to absorb the excess population in Lagos state.

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