Education for girls in the slums

Children living in informal settlements must grow up fast: they are often put in the role of helping their families as they struggle to deal with daily problems, from infrastructure access to livelihoods. Children are too often forced to fetch water, watch over younger siblings and sick household members, and step into the role of productive contributors to help the household make ends meet. Saddled with these responsibilities, they must often limit or forego their schooling, cutting short their future educational potential and the economic benefits, social opportunities, and skills that education affords. This vicious cycle of poverty — one of the most intractable issues in development — demands creative solutions. Learn about approaches taken in Lagos, Nairobi, Mumbai, Mexico City, and Rio de Janeiro — then join the discussion in the comments below.

Lagos
Nairobi
Mumbai
Mexico City
Rio de Janeiro
Jorge Bela

 
Jorge Bela — Bogotá Community Manager

 

Bogotá's location is in many ways privileged, with mild temperatures and 12 hours of daylight year-round. This location, however, also entails risks: it is a seismic area, and torrential rains can result in serious flooding. The "Niña" weather pattern creates especially dangerous conditions, like the 2010-2011 period when much of the city was left underwater, especially — although not only — in the poorer neighborhoods.

Prevention, mitigation, and management of natural disasters are not the exclusive responsibilities of the city municipality. As these responsibilities are shared with the central government and other local and regional entities, coordination is imperative. In Bogotá, for instance, the Empresa del Acueducto, an autonomous company, runs the sewer system, a crucial element in flood management, and is responsible, along with several local and national agencies, for the upkeep of the flood-prone Bogotá River.

In order to be able to meet its responsibilities, the municipality needs to have an emergency plan in place (Sistema Distrital de Gestión de Riesgos y Cambio Climático). But a plan is not enough: the principles of disaster management must be applied in all areas of government action, and at all levels of urban planning.

Bogotá Community Manager Jorge Bela has been working as a freelance writer and journalist in Bogotá since 2010. Prior to that, he worked at El Pais, Spain's leading newspaper, and Analistas Financieros Internacionales. Bela has also worked as a researcher at the European Latin American Research Institute and as project manager at the University at Albany, State University of New York. He has an M.A. in Latin American Studies from the University of Florida and completed the coursework for a Ph.D. in comparative politics at the University at Albany.

 

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