Work, leverage, and leadership for poor urban youth


February 2015 — Across the Global South, unemployment rates are typically higher among youth than among the overall population. As youth are often the ones best positioned to bring vitality and innovation to both the economy and society, it is crucial that cities find ways to mitigate those unemployment levels and harness the energy of their young citizens. Governments and civil society share the responsibility to develop young leaders and workers, to offer training in life skills as well as technical skills, and to empower youth with confidence and determination.

For the month of February, we focus our lens on employment initiatives that empower and educate urban youth to strengthen their communities. Follow the conversation as it travels from city to city and contribute your thoughts and experiences in the comments below.

Engenharia e consciência social empoderam jovens de Curitiba

Curitiba, 28 fevereiro 2015 — Instituto sem fins lucrativos alia Eletromecânica e educação cidadã para fortalecer vínculos familiares, comunitários e sociais, para promover a inserção de jovens no mercado de trabalho e ajudar a garantir uma das menores taxas de desemprego do Brasil. Leia mais.

چه سیاستی به حق زنان جوان به اشتغال راه می برد؟

Tehran, 27 February 2015 — زنان جوان ایرانی فرصت های نابرابری برای ورود به بازار کار نسبت به مردان دارند. این وضعیت میان زنان اقشار فرودست و ساکن سکونتگاههای غیررسمی، وخیم تر است. برای تسکین این مشکل دو نوع راه حل را بررسی می¬کنیم: راه حل دولتی «طرح های خوداشتغالی زنان» و راه حل فردی «دست فروشی». ادامه مطلب.

The urban school and holistic education: The Westbury Youth Centre model in Johannesburg

Johannesburg, 26 February 2015 — Westbury is an urban neighbourhood in Johannesburg which has suffered from decades of marginalization. Forced to look inward for solutions, it has displayed enormous ingenuity and resourcefulness, forming an innovative and holistic youth center and secondary school 'co-curricular' support model. But the City's spatial transformation projects should assist in bringing about change within disenfranchised communities. See more.

Transformação social que começa na cozinha

São Paulo, 25 fevereiro 2015 — Pobres da periferia têm cinco vezes mais chances de desemprego na juventude do que ricos em São Paulo; projeto sem fins lucrativos tenta reverter quadro com formação gratuita e encaminhamento profissional a partir da vocação gastronômica dos jovens. Leia mais.

Pemuda sebagai penggerak perubahan

Surabaya, 24 Februari 2015 — Bonus demografi yang dimiliki Indonesia saat ini menuntut pemerintah untuk bisa mengelolanya dengan baik sebagai pendorong pertumbuhan ekonomi nasional. Sayangnya belum banyak pemerintah daerah yang menyadari kesempatan ini sehingga sedikit kebijakan yang pro-pemuda. Namun tidak demikian dengan Kota Surabaya. Apa yang telah dilakukan Walikota Surabaya sepatutnya menjadi contoh bagi daerah lain. Baca lebih lanjut.

Chintan: from rags to secure green jobs and education

Delhi, 23 February 2015 — India boasts the largest youth population in the world with 55 percent of the Indian population below the age of 25. However, about 85 percent of India's jobs are with informal enterprises plagued with low wages and human rights violations. Chintan, a Delhi-based organization, shows how educational and awareness programs can strengthen the informal sector and empower the youth. See more.

Consciência ambiental e apoio psicológico na capacitação profissional de jovens carentes

Rio de Janeiro, 20 fevereiro 2015 — Através da reciclagem de computadores descartados e de uma intervenção completa para a superação de traumas decorrentes da violência sexual, dois programas vão além da capacitação técnica e formam jovens mais criativos, independentes e conscientes da sua força transformadora para o mercado de trabalho. Leia mais.

Utilizando la música y el baile como instrumentos para empoderar a los jóvenes en Cali

Cali, 19 febrero 2015 — Las altas tasas de desempleo y de empleo informal acercan a muchos jóvenes caleños a la exclusión social. En los últimos años han surgido iniciativas públicas y privadas que buscan utilizar la fuerza de la música y el baile, sobre todo la salsa, para abrir nuevos caminos y oportunidades a estos jóvenes. Leer más.

কাজ ও শিক্ষার বীজ সেলাই: তরুণ নারীপুরুষদের জন্য জাগো’র সেলাই কেন্দ্র

Dhaka, 18 February 2015 — সংক্ষেপিতঃ করভিরাখসান্দ জাগো ফাউন্ডেশনের নামক একটি এনজিও এর প্রতিষ্ঠাতা, যেটি ঢাকার রায়েরবাজার বস্তিতে এবং রাস্তায় বসবাসকারী দরিদ্র শিশুদের জন্য বিনামূল্যে শিক্ষা প্রদান করে থাকে। তার প্রতিষ্ঠানের যখন তহবিল সংকটের সম্মুখীন হয়, তিনি এবং এক সামাজিক উদ্যোক্তা ও সহকর্মী, অ্যামেন্ডা ফিশার, স্কুলের জন্য অর্থ যোগাতে "সেলাই কেন্দ্র" শুরু করে। তারা তাদের শিক্ষার্থীদের পরিবারের সদস্য, বেশিরভাগই তরুণ মায়েদের এবং ভাইবোনদেরকে পোশাক ডিজাইন এবং সেলাই উপর প্রশিক্ষণ দিত। পরবর্তীকালে, তাদের পণ্য বাচ্চারা মাধ্যমে বিশ্বব্যাপী গ্রাহকদের কাছে বিক্রি করা হয়। ফলে, পরিবারের জীবিকা বজায় রাখতে সাহায্য করবার জন্য শিশুদের অকালে স্কুল-ত্যাগ করবার হার করে। এছাড়াও, এই সম্প্রদায়কে দেওয়া দক্ষতা তাদের বেঁচে থাকার এবং সন্তানদের শিক্ষিত করবার অবলম্বন হিসেবে কাজ করবে। See more.

Bangalore-based NGO aims to give job opportunities to a million youth

Bangalore, 17 February 2015 — India has committed to providing skills training to 500 million people by 2022. A Bangalore-based organization has made a significant contribution to setting up a holistic vocational training in the city and has set its own goal of training a million youth by 2022. What are the keys to unlocking this significant potential for a new workforce, and what are some of the challenges? We'll explore. See more.

Promoting entrepreneurship to combat youth unemployment

Lilongwe, 16 February 2015 — Youth unemployment is a serious issue in Malawi, which threatens to cause instability in this comparatively stable African country. Promoting entrepreneurship is one means to engage the country's disaffected youth. See more.

"Làm đẹp để sống – Sống để làm đẹp": Một dự án CSR thiết thực

Ho Chi Minh City, 13 Tháng Hai 2015 — "Làm đẹp để sống – Sống để làm đẹp", một dự án CSR của L'Oréal, là một trong số ít những sáng kiến có khả năng kết nối chuyên môn của doanh nghiệp và nhu cầu thiết yếu của cộng đồng, đồng thời lại gắn liền với triết lý kinh doanh của doanh nghiệp – rằng "mỗi người phụ nữ đều xứng đáng được đẹp theo cách riêng của mình." Xem thêm.

Investing in street youths: Generation Enterprise

Lagos, 12 February 2015 — Globally, the increasing number of unemployed youth and the gap in available opportunities is a serious concern. Looking beyond interventions that provide vocational skills training and financing is a wholesome approach targeting both skills development and entrepreneurship so as to generate a more productive crop of youths. See more.

Posyantek mendorong kemandirian ekonomi masyarakat miskin kota

Jakarta, 11 Februari 2015 — Keberadaan pemuda di wilayah miskin perkotaan kerap diabaikan. Pembangunan hanya melihat mereka sebagai objek dan bukan subjek dari perubahan sehingga mereka kerap tersingkir. Adanya organisasi komunitas Sanggar Ciliwung membantu mereka mandiri dengan memberikan pelatihan dan pengenalan terhadap seni. Baca lebih lanjut.

Educación en oficios tradicionales para combatir la pobreza y la exclusión social

Bogotá, 10 febrero 2015 — La falta de capacitación, la pobreza y las altas tasas de desempleo pone a los jóvenes desplazados en Bogotá en alto riesgo de exclusión social. La Escuela Taller de Bogotá ofrece programas de capacitación en oficios tradicionales, como la cocina, la carpintería o la construcción, destinados a este colectivo. Leer más.

Formación de líderes de escasos recursos

Mexico D.F., 9 febrero 2015 — INROADS en la Ciudad de México capacita a jóvenes universitarios talentosos y de escasos recursos para incluirlos y vincularlos al mundo laboral y promover su desarrollo profesional y personal a través del "Programa de Formación de Líderes INROADS"; de tal forma que el sector empresarial aproveche del potencial de estos jóvenes que, sin importar su condición económica, son transformados en líderes. Leer más.

Change agents emerge from Mumbai's red light district

Mumbai, 6 February 2015 — Programs that work with marginalized groups around the city focus mainly on providing education or skills training. Robin Chaurasiya, founder of an NGO called Kranti in Mumbai, says that this is especially true among the programs to help daughters of sex workers. Most girls are given cooking, cleaning, or jewelry-making skills; Chaurasiya believes the young women could do so much more, and thus, Kranti. The organization sees young women as revolutionaries and helps build them into leaders of social change. See more.

কারিগরী প্রশিক্ষণের মাধ্যমে জেলে সম্প্রদায়ের ক্ষমতায়ন

Chittagong, 5 February 2015 — কারিতাস চট্টগ্রাম ও তাড়াতাড়ি, চট্টগ্রামের উপকূলবর্তী জেলে সম্প্রদায়ের জন্য বৃত্তিমূলক শিক্ষা প্রদানের উদ্দেশ্যে একটি নতুন অংশীদারিত্ব গঠন করে। এই সামাজিক উদ্যোগ, যুবসম্প্রদায়ের মধ্যে যারা শিক্ষা-ব্যবস্থা ব্যয়বহুল হবার কারণে স্কুলে যাওয়া ছেড়ে দেয় তাদের জন্য প্রশিক্ষণ, সেইসাথে বাসস্থান এবং অন্যান্য সুবিধা দিয়ে থাকে। এই প্রশিক্ষণ তাদেরকে জীবিকা নির্বাহের জন্য প্রয়োজনীয় দক্ষতা দিয়ে থাকে, যা তাদের কর্মসংস্থান খুঁজে পেতে সাহায্য করে। এছাড়া, এই প্রশিক্ষণ তাদের পরিবারকে জীবনধারণের অভিনব পদ্ধতি সৃষ্টিতে সাহায্য করে। See more.

Impact-sourcing, demographics, and the details of youth unemployment

Nairobi, 4 February 2015 — Over 90 percent of Kenyans under 30 can read and write, resulting in a highly-skilled population that faces seemly intractable unemployment rates reaching up to 70 percent in some communities. Impact-sourcing, a strategy that targets employment of impoverished and disadvantaged individuals, and technology literacy programs have the potential to leverage Kenya's comparative advantage. See more.

دور المجتمع المدني في حل مشكلة البطالة: تجربة مؤسسة ساويرس

Cairo, 3 February 2015 — تبدو مشكلة البطالة كأزمة لا تنتهي في مصر وأغلب الدول العربية. وإيمانا منها بدورها الريادي قامت مؤسسة ساويسرس باعتماد منهج فريد يتمحور حول خططها لإحياء الصناعات التقليدية وتشغيل المزيد من الشباب في عدة أماكن عمل وتخفيف الفقر عن كاهل المواطنين ... اقرأ المزيد هنا

The meanings of empowerment? Alternative architectural education and the launch of "Open Architecture" in Cape Town

Cape Town, 2 February 2015 — Due to the lasting socio-spatial consequences of apartheid, the spatial disciplines hold a particular importance in the post-apartheid context of societal transformation. However, in the field of architecture today the bulk of persons previously disadvantaged by the apartheid system are still registered at only draughtsperson or technologist levels and not as fully qualified professionals, and thus are constrained in their ability to better engage their contexts and empower their communities. Now a new and alternative mode of education known as "Open Architecture" utilizes part-time, practice-based, and online learning to respond much more directly to these challenges. See more.

 

Join the discussion on work, leverage, and leadership for poor urban youth in the comments below.

 
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Comments

Shaima Abulhajj's picture

Hi Anna,
Great experience. Bangladesh context looks somehow similar to Egypt in terms of the rate of school drop outs. However, as you explained in the article, high education is not the answer for the poverty problems. In Chittagong and with the corporate responsibility concept of a company like Taratari, the people started to get vocational and practical education, generating money and learn more about their capacities as well as learning new life-skills. I would like to ask you about the gender perspective, do such initiatives as this one managed by Caritas considering Bangladeshi women within such project? or are there are other similar initiatives for women?
Thank you!

Andréa Azambuja's picture

I'm happy to know about Kranti and the amazing work they do. I admire very much the approach of the institution, the fact that they not only prepare the girls technically, not only provide skills training so these girls will have better prospects inserted professionally in Mumbai's reality, but encourage them to transform this reality, to outline completely new and revolutionary perspectives, to see and fight for opportunities often inconceivable for those inserted in their context, or viewed with disbelief. I find it very significant that they see that the difficult background and life experiences these girls have faced have a unique transformative potential, particularly strong and innovative, and encourage them to use it, each one with their individual capabilities and togehter, as a collective power. As Kranti says, "girls who have faced marginalization and discrimination bring added value the leaders and agents of change, not despite their backgrounds, but because of their backgrounds. Our girls are, therefore, revolutionaries". I'm sure they can be!

Carlin Carr's picture

Andrea, I'm really inspired by Kranti's approach because so many of the skills training program focus on simplistic skills, many of them in very mindless work, that bring wages but not necessarily dignity.

This weekend, I was lucky enough to attend a conference on homebased workers--many of whom are women and live in urban areas across the Global South. I asked one of them, who made garments out of her home and sold them at the market on Sundays if she like her job. "I love it," she said. "Why," I inquired. "Because I work with my hands." That says a lot to me about the challenges of simply giving technical skills devoid of purpose or connection. I think this is especially dangerous for the youth population, who need to feel excited, empowered and challenged. I was at least happy to see that the projects happening in Nairobi involve creative thinking, including training for web design, etc., rather than just back-office data input training.

Maryam Amiri's picture

Hello Andréa
That was very interesting for me to hear how people try to solve their problem without waiting for Government. High degree of solidarity is a sign of social intelligence and understanding among these people, despite maybe one said that residents of informal settlement have less coherency. But my question is how this project financially prepared? and what local problem have been solved by the platform?
thank you so much

Nora Lindstrom's picture

Entrepreneurship seems to be the buzz word of the day, almost to the extent of being put forward as panacea for youth unemployment. That's why I found Shaima's feature about the Sawiris Foundation’s projects refreshing, as the Foundation focuses on a number of different aspects of the labour market; they train people for garment factories, for the electronics sector, and to become entrepreneurs. The combination is important, as not everyone can or should be an entrepreneur, just like not everyone can or should be factory worker or a government employee. Sure, entrepreneurship is important, but it shouldn't be promoted in lieu of careful analysis of the labour market and identification sectors needing skilled employees. In addition to developing new entrepreneurs, employment initiatives should also be looking at meeting existing demand. Unfortunately, that's rarely as 'sexy' as looking for the next bright-young-thing with an idea for a start-up...

Olatawura Ladipo-Ajayi's picture

Very true Nora. Entrepreneurship is not the solution to every unemployment issues, it seems ideal but their are so many other factors that make it feasible and allow previously unemployed youth become employers of labor. As you mentioned it is important to identify skill gaps and try to fill it instead of creating and excess supply of skills in an already saturated market.

I find that for most programs relating to work, empowerment and capacity building, this element is not factored into program or intervention designs. Not every skill can be turned into a venture successfully, and not all people can be entrepreneurs. In fact majority of new business fail within the first 3 years. Programs need to go beyond skill acquisition and capacity building to include elements of business development, access to finances, and a long term support path provided after the programs if the entrepreneurship route is going to be perpetually taken.

Another factor that crossed my mind reading through and even while writing my contribution is how are these people selected? Is it just on the basis of being a youth or being unemployed. The drive to be part of the program also affects the success of participants afterwards. Hilary I was wondering if you had any insights into how any of the programs you mentioned selected participants.

Nora Lindstrom's picture

Agreed, Wura. I also think the point about selection is important - through my work I've encountered a lot of poor individuals who will jump on any opportunity offered, whether or not they are interested in of suitable for it. Which is fair enough given the limited opportunities many face, but as you note does raise the issue of how successful a programme/project can be.

In relation to our discussion, I thought Maria's piece on linking university students with employers was interesting. Of course, many of the poor in Malawi for instance will never make it to university, but I think the general idea of preparing youth for the existing labour market through their education is important. As you'll see in my forthcoming piece - a massive 80% of youth in Malawi are estimated to be in a job they are unqualified for.

María Fernanda Carvallo's picture

Nora, I totally agree with you that linking university students with employers offers opportunities more suitable for students, and will provide the tools to youth in order to respond to the labor necessities. This program is created for poor students in universities whether they are public or not, however as in Malawi, in Mexico City there are youth living in semi urban areas that doesn't have access to university even to public schools; in this sense it exists projects with other approaches in order to include youth in the market of services through the reinforcement of their capabilities and by teaching them a trade demanded by the regional economy.

Youth unemployment rate ( 15-35 years) estimated at 12.2 %. The unemployment rate for graduates of the higher level reached 31 % in 2011 against 16 % in 2005. Companies will hire more . Access to finance for young people is difficult because of the conditions and procedures imposed by financial institutions. Micro and small businesses are slow to take off to recruit more people.
Reduce unemployment and precarious employment of young people in Africa have to go through the improved performance of micro and small enterprises and to support self- employment among young people through access to finance and support ( mentoring) .

Andréa Azambuja's picture

Hi, Maryam,

I'm glad you liked it (and just to confirm, you are talking about last month article, the one about Vila Torres Digital, right? :)). Yes, each day I believe more in the transformative power of the civil society organized. The ideal, of course, is that the government work together with civil society and with the private sector, but in Brazil the bureaucracy is enormous and there's a lot of corruption, so it's better not to wait and take initiatives somehow.

In this case, the first thing accomplished was the access to technology: 800 people now have access to the internet and to computers (at least at the school and in the Mothers Club headquarters - they are looking for some donations to, somehow, share some computers in the houses of the residents). With the consequent construction of the online platform, these people really incorporated the use of the internet in their routines, they are continually accessing the site to become aware of social actions that are developed in the neighborhood, free courses, joint efforts for cleaning ... The inclusion digital, for many, really happened.

About the online platform itself, according to the residents, problems are solved every day. Now that they can follow what's being done in the neighborhood, now that they have access to information, they can participate in a practical way, to articulate theyselves. For example, many woman who didn't know the activities run by the Mothers Club, now can sign up and participate - a workshop that teaches residents to make bags with discarded banners (a project focused on education and income) have doubled of participants. Some young people who were idle in the streets, now spend their afternoons producing the radio shows that are aired in the site, having access to a mixer and technical equipment they did not know before. The free courses offered (there are many, from computer classes to dancing) have much larger membership. When I was researching, there was a post about a huge tree that had fallen a few days before and the community were organizing themselves online to go to speak to the city hall about this, which is a current problem.

Speaking of technology, which was our focus, through the website (that now they can use at home), the neighborhood residents were able to see the mothers club dependencies and now use the area, where they have access to sewing machines, cameras, computers... and constant workshops that teach how to use this technology, all the equipments. That's the case of the bags workshop and the radio mixer I've just mentioned. Besides that, because of this initiative, the students of Manoel Ribas State School will now have pedagogical support in technology by the Federal University of Paraná.

The tricky part is that this project is funded by social workers who do not earn a financial return in exchange. The internet is provided by a company (in a very low rate for them, they have no intention of stopping), the communication is organized by a company that also receives no money in return (is a large agency, which has many large bills, so they can maintain the site for free with a small part of their profit that comes from the other clients) and the mothers are organized autonomously and don't get any money to do that. They built their headquarters gradually, with donations, and continue the work like this, going after outside support. They produce objects and events that have sales return, but most of themothers work in other places, have salaries... they committed to the community by love. At the moment one of these parts fails, the project does not move anymore. But now that it's been run successfully for a long time, it's easier to ask for support to the government. That's the thing: the project depends on the love, good will and solidarity of some people.

Andréa Azambuja's picture

Hi Carlin
That really shows a lot. At the same team, promoting autonomy, independence (that woman, for example, is so happy she can work with her own hands and make a living from it), can be the beginning of that change of mentality, can be the first step so people can see new perspectives and them fight for opportunities :) Of course, that's rare if it's not combine with other actions, like valuing people, stimulating creative thinking... I'm glad too that the projects happening in Nairobi are going in this direction now!

More than 34% of Kenyan total population lives in Urban Areas.71% of this population is confined in Informal Settlements. Among these are young people who face challenges in employment and livelihoods. Youth have a great capability to transform their lives. To tackle the problem of poverty and unemployment, NairoBits gives these youth something that no one can ever take away from them and that is ICT skills. For this to be successful, we went to the youth and not vice versa. We have Information resource Centres in five of the major informal settlements in Nairobi namely Mathare, Mukuru kwa Reuben, Kariobangi, Kibera and Eastleigh. We work closely with community based organizations to register youth from these communities in our program. The ICT program progressively advances from introduction to Computer to web development. The challenge however is we can only take a number that our resource Centres can handle. Despite this, we still pride ourselves of having changed the lives of over 7,000 youth since our inception in 1999.
Sexual reproductive health is also a challenge that we sought to address. We have an interactive sexual reproductive health program that is aimed at increasing the uptake of sexual reproductive health services. We also give the youth referrals to various youth friendly hospitals and health Centres. We therefore minimize the adverse reproductive health outcomes that may be as a result of risky behaviors. The youth are therefore able to achieve life goals and give optimum contribution to national development.
These youth don’t have to wait for employment to come at their doorstep they have enough skills and knowledge on starting a business.
Young people have been known to bring social, political and economic change to their countries and for them to achieve this we need to develop young people’s capabilities and expand opportunities. What we have done is give them a second chance to transform their lives and positively contribute towards a prosperous and balanced society. We are glad that there are others who also share in our mission. Let us leverage on technology for tomorrow development outcomes. Visit http://www.nairobits.com/

widya anggraini's picture

This month provide interesting cases that seem replicable for other cities. Youth are indeed needed to be empowered. Failure to see them as potential will disadvantage city and even one country. Demography surplus as Indonesia experiencing at the moment is actually the right time to put more attention to youth development. Hence, these cases that each city brings attract me to share with colleagues here especially to those who have power to make decision.

Cases such as Bogota and Mexico shows that education scheme given is beneficial for them because these institutions do not only provided skills but also provide market for their skills. There are many government or non-government institutions realize the need to empower youth but often fails to see what beyond that. Some programs stop at giving education and surviving skills but do not actually help how to find market for their skills. Talent pool by Inroads was a great idea to introduce the youth to the world of private business. besides that of course there is an issue of financial for the youth who wants to open business and how the bank of non bank institutions help these youth to start up their business. that would be different area to discuss about. However, i think we really has the same understanding that youth especially those are in disadvantage situation are actually agent of shane, if they are given the same opportunity as other

joinafric's picture

The lack of performance of MSMEs represent anything that Senegal 90% of businesses who are concentrated in the capital. There are no big company in African countries that help absorb some of the young graduates who represent over 400 000 per year in Senegal . Drought in rural areas mark the stop work in the fields which are the main sources of income for farmers and allows survival of the family. This vulnerable segment of the population ( peasants) represents over 60 % of the African population. Since the exodus from rural areas to the city is the solution for young people. Thus , the capital of Senegal is Dakar in particular and in general African cities become the " El Dorado " of illiterate rural youth. Young unemployed , illiterate , African cities and become the problem source of African governments.

In the 21 century , to solve the problem in youth work, it is necessary to go through ICTs . Africa must be transformed into a technology hub. African introduce young people to new technologies so they can develop their creativity and to respond to their personal and environmental need . ICT is the only way to allow young people to get by and with little means , one can set up its own business. Currently , centers of initiation to ICTs must be provided in African governments' development programs.

Joinafric is a caring young structure of their future with perfect knowledge of their own problem, and who works in this launched to provide solutions based on ICTs to address the multiple problems of young people for leadership , entrepreneurship, business creation.

Joinafric , united youth.

Contact: joinafric@gmail.com

joinafric's picture

The problems of urban youth are summed up in precarious employment, unemployment.

The job insecurity concerns more young people from rural and unfavorable environments without any training beforehand. Unemployment is compounded by the lack of performance of MSMEs which are a significant number in the underdeveloped countries. In Senegal, 90% of companies are MSMEs and bankruptcies that are less than 3 years.

In 21 centuries, the alternative youth to solve their problem is self employment through entrepreneurship in ICT. New technology is the youth perspective and that funding is low cost, and can create fairly significant added value. Young people can now self-employed and create long-term employment.

To realize this potential that ICTs, young government organization must all work together. African governements must imperatively include in their development agenda setting up introductory Youth ICT and at the same time help organizations develop structures dedicated to ICT development that will accompanied the young people in the creative process , setting up e development of their own business.

Joinafric is a structure formed by Senegalese youth to meet their need for funding their own business, support and monitoring of their structure.

Joinafric united youth.

Andréa Azambuja's picture

Hi Felipe,

I thought of writing about Gastromotiva this month as well, the project has just arrived in Curitiba too, they are forming the first class. Good news, right? It's a great project :)

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