Participatory Processes: Making Bottom-up Development Work


February 2016 — The failure of many urban development initiatives has been attributed to a top-down approach. More recently, activists have called for impacted groups to be seen as stakeholders and decision-makers in the process to improve their conditions. Inputs from communities and affected groups will help to create more appropriate solutions that meet the needs on-the-ground and, importantly, be more sustainable. Cities around the world have been experimenting with participatory process – in slum redevelopment, city planning and ensuring women’s safety, for example. This month on URB.im, our community managers will share what's worked, and, in some cases, what hasn't, all to bringing to a better understanding of not just what the 21st century city should look like, but what's the best way to get there.

El urbanismo pedagógico: un nuevo método de planificación en Medellín

Medellin, 29 febrero 2016 — Conocida por el "urbanismo social", Medellín recién experimentó con el "urbanismo pedagógico", una forma de proceso participativo que apunta a hacer proyectos más relevantes para las necesidades de la comunidad. Leer más.

Las nuevas tecnologías para fomentar la participación ciudadana

Bogotá, 26 febrero 2016 Los nuevas tecnologías están abriendo nuevos caminos de participación ciudadana. Por su capacidad de fomentar el diálogo y la comunicación por su capacidad pedagógica y divulgativa, e incluso por su fortaleza como herramienta que facilita la participación propiamente dicha, están ocupando un lugar central en este proceso. Leer más.

"Illuminating them": A community-driven project for spreading education

Chittagong, 25 February 2016 — A lot of children living in slums do not go to school because of lack of finance and awareness about importance of education in their family. Educated youth from schools and universities in Chittagong gathered under one organization, Youth’s Voice (YV), have voluntarily taken an initiative to give classes to underprivileged children. Beyond basic education, they children will learn to think for themselves, leading to a better future for all Chittagong residents. See more.

Salud, Arte y Procesos Participativos

Caracas, 24 febrero 2016 — La enfermedad crónica esta asociada, incrementalmente, con zonas urbanas pobres donde la injusticia social es predominante debido a una falta indomable de servicios adecuadas por el desarrollo efectivo del centro informal, la cual, aunque muy productiva, a veces falla dentro de pequeños sistemas la cual necesitan mejoras integrales. Leer más.

Participação popular consistente em um dos maiores conjuntos de favelas do Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro, 23 fevereiro 2016 — No Complexo da Maré, um dos maiores aglomerados de favelas do Rio de Janeiro, vivem cerca de 130 mil pessoas distribuídas por 16 comunidades distintas, mas reconhecidas como um só bairro. Embora seja bastante conhecido entre os cariocas, o local é praticamente esquecido pelo governo – mas um projeto que promove a participação cidadã baseado numa agenda unificada de reivindicações está, pouco a pouco, mudando esta realidade. Neste artigo, em uma entrevista com sua fundadora, conheça o Maré que Queremos. Leia mais.

How Bangladesh is doing away with open defecation

Dhaka, 22 February 2016 — Community-led Total Sanitation uses participatory processes to involve the community in understanding the effects of open defecation on the environment and each other through sessions by a facilitator, and has managed to almost absolutely eradicate open defecation in Bangladesh in 15 years. This has successfully turned away from traditional top-down approaches and involved the community to build a better and healthier environment for themselves. See more.

TP.HCM áp dụng CNTT nhằm hỗ trợ quá trình tham gia của người dân: Chú trọng thiết kế hay chất lượng?

Ho Chi Minh City, 19 Tháng hai 2016 — Hưởng ứng chủ trương của cả nước nói chung và của chính quyền thành phố nói riêng, hầu hết các quận trong TP. HCM đã tham gia vào làn sóng thành lập trang web chính thức của UBND quận. Mục tiêu chính yếu nhằm thực hiện tốt hơn nhiệm vụ thông báo, kết nối, và phục vụ người dân thông qua việc áp dụng ứng dụng công nghệ thông tin. Tuy nhiên, một số trang web lại cho thấy nhiều hứa hẹn hơn một số khác. Xem thêm.

Fortaleciendo los canales participativos

Mexico D.F., 18 febrero 2016 — El Presupuesto Participativo abre un diálogo entre el gobierno local y la población. Este ejercicio ciudadano representa un contrapeso a la administración pública que se sigue fortaleciendo para ser más eficiente y representativo de las necesidades vecinales. Leer más.

E-Sapa Warga Mendorong partisipasi dalam proses pembangunan

Surabaya, 17 February 2016 — Pemkot Surabaya secara aktif mendorong keterlibatan luas warganya dalam proses perencanaan pembangunan. Proses Musrenbang yang sebelumnya prosedural dan minim partisipasi, kini dapat diakses oleh semua warga Surabaya tanpa kecuali menggunakan E-SapaWarga dan E-Musrenbang. Situs ini memungkinkan terjadinya komunikasi antara masyarakat dan pemkot. Baca lebih lanjut.

Lofty ideals, baby steps: Delhi’s experiments with participatory budgeting

Delhi, 16 February 2016 — In neighbourhoods across Delhi last week, elected representatives held public meetings to seek citizen feedback on a recent policy experiment that regulated the use of private cars in the city. Similar consultations were a key strategy used by AAP to formulate their election manifesto for the State elections last year. See more.

Iniciativas Comunitarias en Apoyo del Proceso de Paz

Cali, 15 febrero 2016 — Las iniciativas comunitarias pueden jugar un papel crucial en el éxito del proceso de paz en Colombia. Especialmente en el ámbito de la reintegración de los ex combatientes y de las víctimas del conflicto. La Alcaldía de Cali y algunas entidades privadas están apoyando la creación y el desarrollo de este tipo de iniciativas. Leer más.

Governance accountability through citizen’s engagement

Lagos, 12 February 2016 — For a country that had undergone several coups and long years of military dictatorship, the idea of citizen engagement and governance accountability are quite novel. The Lagos state government in the light of fulfilling its campaign promises of promoting public accountability and inclusiveness has continued to engage citizens through periodic town hall meetings and stakeholder’s engagement. See more.

Administração Pública Deliberativa em Curitiba

Curitiba, 11 febrero 2016 — Neste artigo, conheça o modelo de gestão administrativa da Prefeitura de Curitiba, que há três anos tem aberto espaço e criado zonas de convivência para aumentar a participação popular na tomada de decisões de interesse público. Leia mais.

المنهج التشاركي لبرنامج الإتحاد من أجل المتوسط للتنمية العمرانية في منطقة إمبابة

Cairo, 10 February 2016 — تَبنى الاتحاد من أجل المتوسط مشروعا ضخما بالتعاون مع جهات حكومية مصرية لتطوير منطقة إمبابة حضريا باعتماد منهج تشاركي فعال يدعم تفاعل السكان وتعاون منظمات المجتمع المدني لتحسين المنطقة. اقرأ المزيد عن ذلك

Participatory aquifer mapping: Giving citizens the knowledge for action

Bangalore, 9 February 2016 — Forty percent of Bengaluru’s population is dependent on groundwater. The groundwater table and water quality is declining, but an appropriate groundwater management response is not yet in sight. The Participatory Aquifer Mapping project attempts to understand the aquifers at a micro-level, include citizens in the process, and develop "actionable knowledge" that encourages practices for sustainable groundwater management. See more.

Wadah aspirasi kelompok LGBTI mendorong penegakan HAM

Jakarta, 8 February 2016 — Kelompok marjinal perkotaan yang sering terabaikan dalam pembangunan salah satunya adalah kelompok LGBTI. Keberadaan mereka kerap dianggap sebelah mata oleh masyarakat dan Negara sehingga mereka rentan terhadap perilaku kekerasan dan diskriminasi. Lahirnya Forum LGBTIQ Nasional menjadi harapan mereka untuk menyampaikan aspirasi terutama kepada pemerintah. Baca lebih lanjut.

Muungano Support Trust (MuST): Pioneering community-led approaches

Nairobi, 5 February 2016 — The Muungano Support Trust (MuST) serves as the secretariat of Kenya’s branch of the Slum Dweller’s Federation known as Muugano wa Wanavijiji, and is working to mobilize participatory and community-led enumeration to improve the conditions in which its members live. MuST represents over 64,000 members from 300 informal settlements across 15 counties in Kenya. See more.

What does participatory urban design look like?

Johannesburg, 4 February 2016 — As Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) infrastructure – the "Corridors of Freedom" – continues to be rolled out across Johannesburg, plans are underway for existing proximate social facilities to be supported by new developments to form neighbourhood "social clusters," which can potentially serve communities in ways that the BRT itself cannot. Critical, then, is the level of local engagement, inclusion, and ownership that these local developments build. See more.

Planning the revolution to stop violence against women

Dar es Salaam, 3 February 2016 — Participatory processes provide an opportunity for a more just and inclusive city. However, planning a movement in a city is no easy task. Using the example of planning the One Billion Rising movement, this article asks: "With increasing opportunities to connect in cities, what tools can be used to aid participation?" See more.

Community-driven initiatives to reduce gender-based violence

Mumbai, 2 February 2016 — Women experience urban areas differently from men, yet Indian planning methods have yet to integrate gendered perspectives. In Mumbai, initiatives like SNEHA's Little Sister Project and Safe City crowd source data on gender based violence to work on community interventions to reduce crimes against women. See more.

Pesquisa pioneira sobre vida nas ruas é feita por população de rua

São Paulo, 1 fevereiro 2016 — Primeira Pesquisa Social Participativa da População de Rua, feita pelos próprios sem-teto, chega ao fim após um ano com resultados que servirão de base para elaboração do Plano Municipal da População de Rua. Para saber como é a vida nas ruas e em equipamentos públicos de assistência social, foram feitas quase 170 entrevistas e mais de 500 conversas informais. O relatório final deve ser entregue este mês, mas o URB.im adianta algumas conclusões da pesquisa. Leia mais.

 

Join the discussion on Participatory Processes: Making Bottom-up Development Work in the comments below.


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Comments

Dear Gemma,
As usual great article with great approach. Thanks for letting us know about OBR. As you know in our continent violence is highly and continuously practiced against women. In Egypt and rest of Middle East, it is also characterized by "religious" and patriarchal trait and attitude. OBR is great approach to have a collective activism. I wonder if the government has any negative stance toward OBR in Dar elsalam? In our countries, there is a thin line between mess and activism, collective movements and political transformation. So how the government addressing the OBR participatory approach and how it sees it?

widya anggraini's picture

Hi Gemma, apparently your topic is similar to what is hot event now in Indonesia. We do the campaign in many different ways including dance every thursday in Jakarta, workshop, dialog, media engagement, garage sale and many other creative activities. These activities tried to engage more men in women movement. which is i think interesting because more people aware about the campaign the easier the message come to audiences. So far, indonesia has a strong feminist movement, but lack of participation from men.

hi Felipe,
i am also very interesting in your article. it's good and very important issue that we always forget when we do social research. It is important to make definition of homelessness or poverty according their point of view as later on the result and maybe the recommendation will actually reflect what they need. Quick question, how did the government react to this kind of activity? will they use or adopt the result as well?

Hi Hilary,

It was interesting to understand the participatory mapping approach specifically for and by the informal food vendors. From what I understand, the participatory mapping exercises do help in empowering the community as well as assert their rights. I get a good understanding of the process and outcome of this exercise. I was also wondering what has been the State's response to this? Your last point about inability to address the larger realities makes me wonder would a street vending policy would be of any help. The Indian Street Vending Act, 2014 doesn't really address this larger issue but only recognizes their presence and gives them legitimacy. And also, I do not quite get understand this statement- "Vending within informal settlements means that customers’ incomes are minimal". Do these vendors sell only within their boundaries/fences?

Thanks,
Aditi

Hi Widya,

It's great to see more people come together to support LGBTI rights and the forum seems like a safe platform and conduit for tolerance. I was wondering how the plans, advocacy strategies, dialogues, and partnerships work on the local level? On the ground level and in cities, who are the agents who can incite change and raise awareness?

Best,
Ashali

jorgebela's picture

Hi Widya, I also have a question regarding your article: you mention that discrimination, and even violence, againts the LGBTI community are still a reality. Still, what is the legal status of this community? I assume that unions or marriage are still out of the question, but is this community criminalized by the State in any way? Is discrimination just a social phenomenon or there are also discriminatory laws in the books?

Thanks! Jorge

widya anggraini's picture

Hi Jorge,

Thank you for the question. you are right, same sex marriage is way to bold to promote in indonesia. It was never been in agenda for advocacy as well for lgbti community because it will be impossible. Their status is illegal. there is no legal protection for lgbti indonesia thats what they are prone to discrimination and violence. 89,3 % of LGBTI people have experienced violence, physical, psychological, sexual economic and cultural violence , by family, community and police. There is no exact number of LGBTI population, but some research said roughly there are 4 million of LGBT in indonesia

There is criminal sanctions for homosexuality especially in provinces that apply islamic law such as in Aceh. Discriminatory laws are also there. such as in Palembang province that give punishment up to 100 lashes for same sex acts. Social ministry is still also consider LGBTI as part of social problem so that they need to be rehabilitated. Violence acts also came from civil police especially to transgender people. It is an on going hot topic at the moment in Indonesia and there is an indication that LGBTI communities in Indonesia will receive more threat. Human Rights Watch has been working on this and sending letter to the president but not yet response.

widya anggraini's picture

Hi Ashali,

Yes, there are growing movement to support LGBTI groups in Indonesia but the pressure is also big, especially lately when every institution attacked LGBTI from government, public, religious leaders as well as university that supposed to be neutral. LGBTIQ Forum is at Indonesia level and this is consist on around 120 smaller organizations from around Indonesia. One example is Arus Pelangi (AP). It's national LGBTI organizations that works with 12 local organizations at 12 provinces. AP coordinates and makes plan as well as provide capacity building for these local organizations. Different provinces face different situation. some places have good acceptances by government and communities but some are the total opposite.

These local NGOs are the change maker. They work sometimes unanimously for safety reason. They are very active and reach out to young LGBTI especially and provide support system. The organizational and human resources capacity is different between provinces but they have good relations between provinces and between organizations. Training in advocacy and paralegal have been given. They will use the skill back to their place. These local ngos are now also have skill in doing small research and documenting violence. The result will be used later at local and national level. They are now in the process of making policy briefs for provincial consultation and national dialogue in coming few months.

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